Nutritional evaluation of some economically important marine and freshwater mollusc species of Bangladesh

The results of the proximate analyses revealed that significantly higher amount of crude protein contents were present in marine water oysters, clams and cockles (59.3 ±0.3 to 75.4 ± 0.2%) than the freshwater mussels and snail (36.9 ± 0.4 to 49.6 ± 0.6%) on dry matter basis. However, carbohydrate contents were significantly higher in freshwater mussels and snail (30.2 ± 0.9 to 57.3 ± 0.2%) compared to the marine water bivalves (8.1 ± 0.4 to 20.2 ± 0.6%). Crude lipid contents were ranged from 2.5 ± 0.2 to 11.2 ± 0.1% and ash from 11.4 ± 0.1 to 16.8 ± 0.6% among the bivalves and snail species. The amino acid contents were comparatively higher in marine water bivalves than their freshwater counterparts. Saturated fatty acid contents were found to be higher in marine water bivalves than the freshwater mollusc species. The results also show that the omega-3 (eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA and docosahexaenoic acid, DHA) fatty acids were comparatively higher in oysters, clams and cockles in marine water than those in freshwater mussels and snail. However, omega-6 fatty acids like linoleic acid (LA), α- linolenic acid (ALA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) were higher in freshwater mussels and snail than in the marine bivalves. The n-3/n-6 ratio were significantly higher in oysters and cockle species than the other groups of bivalves and snail. The index of atherogenicity and index of thrombogenicity of the mollusc species ranged from 0.74 ± 0.1 to 1.74 ± 0.2 and 0.5 ± 0.1 to 2.6 ± 0.2, respectively. The results show that marine water bivalves contained higher amount of potassium, sodium, iron, chlorine especially oyster species contained significantly higher iodine than the freshwater bivalves and snail. However, freshwater mussels and snail showed significantly higher amount of zinc contents than the marine bivalves. The heavy metal contents such as arsenic, chromium and mercury were absent or present in very tiny amounts among the mollusc species. Significantly higher amount of cholesterol was present in marine bivalves and freshwater snail species than the freshwater mussels. Overall, the results indicate that marine bivalves can be good sources of high-quality protein and lipid especially EPA and DHA. On the other hand, freshwater mussels and snails also could be good sources of protein, LA and ARA but scarcity of EPA and DHA.