The advance of automation and artificial intelligence techniques is having an important impact in different areas of society. In particular, many of these applications has focused in the medicine field. Although the range of applications is large, many of them share common methodologies. The basic knowledge of these methods can help the clinician both in the clinical practice and the research. This talk will describe the role of artificial intelligence and automation in medicine in and its potential for applications in different fields (from medicine robotics to computer aided decision systems for clinicians). Then, the talk will concentrate on biomedical control. It is well known that developing control systems for medical applications has a great difficulty due to the complexity of the processes involved. One example of biomedical control in the field of anaesthesiology will be shown.