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Home  >  Medical Research Archives  >  Issue 149  > Salmonella Osteomyelitis and Septic Arthritis in Children
Published in the Medical Research Archives
Sep 2022 Issue

Salmonella Osteomyelitis and Septic Arthritis in Children

Published on Sep 20, 2022




Salmonella infections of the bone and joints are very rare. They are common in hemoglobinopathies and immunocompromised children. The diaphysis and metaphysis of the long bones are common sites. The spine pelvis, ribs, and cranium are rare sites. The clinical course is indolent compared to acute osteomyelitis. Serological tests and culture can be used for the diagnosis. Radiographs are frequently negative early in the disease. CT scans and MRI scans can be used in certain cases. The majority of cases can be managed with antibiotics. In this review, we describe the etiology, clinical features, investigations, and management of Salmonella bone and joint infections. We have described the features of Salmonella bone and joint infections in normal and sickle disease patients. We also present an illustrative case of Salmonella septic arthritis of the shoulder in an immunocompetent infant one month after COVID-19 infection.

Author info

Dr. Balaji Zacharia, Dr. Sanoj Poulosse, Dr. Rose Xavier, Dr. Navaneeth Panarukandy, Nidhin Hilary

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