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Home  >  Medical Research Archives  >  Issue 149  > Tetralogy of Fallot: Early Diagnosis and Treatment and its Impact on Survival Rates
Published in the Medical Research Archives
Nov 2023 Issue

Tetralogy of Fallot: Early Diagnosis and Treatment and its Impact on Survival Rates

Published on Nov 29, 2023




Introduction: Tetralogy of Fallot affects about 3 out of 10 thousand live births, occupying a rate of 10% of all congenital cardiac malformations.

Method: this is a systematic retrospective study of bibliographic review articles, of quantitative approach and descriptive and exploratory nature, with the timeframe from 2013 to 2023. 

Results: It was possible to verify that Tetralogy of Fallot is a serious congenital pathology and therefore requires surgical intervention to correct the defects present in the cardiac structure. Most bibliographic studies show that early intervention, around the first year of life, is the best treatment option and is associated with an increase in the survival rate of these individuals.

Discussion: the importance of preventive strategies during prenatal care is evident, with counseling and crucial information for mothers, aiming to provide quality care to the child at birth and to proceed with the best form of treatment, in order to reduce the mortality rate caused by this disease and proportionally increase the survival rate and life expectancy of this population.

Conclusion: given the importance of early diagnosis and treatment, it is essential that pregnant women are attended by qualified professionals who know how to identify the risk factors and clinical signs of this pathology, in addition to having easy access when necessary to perform fetal echocardiography, or more specific tests, in favor of the quality and life expectancy of these individuals.

Author info

Fernanda Lemos, Keyla Silva, Camila Campos, Marcio Almeida, Sérgio Lima Filho, Taíse Rocha, Emerson Ferreira, Wesley Souza, Talita Rocha, Sabrina Santos, Antonio Nascimento, Mariana Alves, Fernanda Uva, Scarleth Silva, Jaine Oliveira

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