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Home  >  Medical Research Archives  >  Issue 149  > Postoperative Extracranial Glioblastoma
Published in the Medical Research Archives
Jan 2024 Issue

Postoperative Extracranial Glioblastoma

Published on Jan 30, 2024




Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a WHO grade 4 primary brain tumor with a recalcitrant and dismal prognosis and a 14-month-median survival time. The extracranial spread of GBM is so rare that historically it was not believed to spread outside of the central nervous system (CNS). Since the first extracranial spread of GBM was described in 1928, more cases have been reported. However, the mechanisms have yet to be elucidated due to the rareness of well-documented cases. Here, we reported two cases of GBM with postoperative extracranial spread and reviewed related literature.


Author info

Gang Zhou, Tao Wan, Bing Leng, Frank Shan

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