Training Situation among German Residents in Urology in Urodynamic Diagnostics of Bladder Dysfunction

Main Article Content

Laila Schneidewind Hendrik Borgmann Dirk Piehler




The training in diagnosis and therapy of bladder dysfunction is an integral part of the German residency programme in urology. Bladder dysfunctions are of increasing importance in our society due to the aging population. The objective of this study was to evaluate the training situation of German residents in urology on bladder dysfunction.

Material and Methods

A 24-item online survey was sent to members of the German Society of Residents in Urology via email. The survey contained questions on demographic data, on hospital setting and expertise and on the personal education level of the resident in diagnosis and therapy of bladder dysfunction.


The response rate was 9.7 %. The training situation among German residents in diagnosis and therapy of bladder dysfunction is heterogenic. Nearly all facilities, 92% of the hospitals, offer cystomanometry and uroflowmetry, as urodynamic testing. In small facilities cystomanonetry is performed only once a month. Only 14% of the residents are able to rotate in the sub department of urodynamic diagnostics and treatment of bladder dysfunction. 90. 5% of the residents are able to attend external education programmes of this topic.


The training situation for German residents in urology is very heterogenic at different hospitals. Only a small number of residents are able to rotate in the sub department of urodynamic diagnostics. The need for improvement of training in diagnosis and treatment of bladder dysfunction could be met by external education programmes.



Article Details

How to Cite
SCHNEIDEWIND, Laila; BORGMANN, Hendrik; PIEHLER, Dirk. Training Situation among German Residents in Urology in Urodynamic Diagnostics of Bladder Dysfunction. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], n. 3, may 2015. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 27 sep. 2023.
Research Articles


1. Müller SC, Strunk T: Is the training and continuing education for urologists in Germany still up to date? Urologe A 2011 (50): 946-51

2. Yazdani T, Wong M, Bhatia NN: Improving resident screening and workup of urinary incontinence in an OB/GYN residency program: a randomized controlled study. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2011 (5): 242-5

3. Sabourin JN, Schulz JA, Flood CG: Improving resident competence and knowledge regarding tension-free vaginal tape procedure: an educational module. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2012 (5):268-73

4. Sivaslioglu AA, Demir B, Dolen Y, Gelisen O, Haberal A: Residents performance in transobturator tape procedures for stress urinary incontinence. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2007(2):259-61

5. Burns KE, Dufett M, Kho ME et al.: A guide for the design and conduct of self-administered survey of clinicans. CMAJ 2008 (179): 245-52

6. Eysenbach G: Improving the quality of web surveys: the checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys (CHERRIES). J Med Internet Res 2008 (6): e34

7. Casiano ER, Wendel GD Jr, Congleton MJ, Wai CY: Urogynecology training and practice patterns after residency. J Surg Educ. 2012 (1):77-83

8. Sultana CJ, Kenton K, Ricci E, Rogers RG: The state of residency training in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2007 (11):1347-50

9. Schneidewind L, Borowitz R, Wullich B, Borgmann H: Clinical and laboratory visit programme for residents in urology. Urologe A 2014 (53): 557-60

10. Hakenberg OW, Rollenhagen A: Amendments to the specialist training regulations. Urologe A 2013 (52): 1057-60