Epidemiology of Concussions Among Pediatric Cheerleaders in the United States, 2009-2018
Main Article Content
Cheerleading is a popular activity in the United States with an estimated 4 million participants from Elementary school age to College. While cheerleading can be a safe activity, it can also result in injury ranging from minor sprains to serious neurological conditions and even death. One severe outcome of cheerleading is concussions. The purpose of this study is to review epidemiological data related to the descriptive factors and mechanisms of concussion as a result of cheerleading. Data was obtained from the Consumer Product Safety Commissions National Electronic Surveillance System for the years 2008 through 2019. The narrative portion of the data was used to identify mechanism of the concussion. Concussion injuries related to cheerleading activity has increased every year from 2009-2017. The majority of concussion (83%) occurred between the ages of 12 and 17 with 98% occurring to females. The mechanism most cited from the narrative for concussions were falls (52.2%) followed by having another cheerleader fall on the injured cheerleader (13.6%). Other common mechanisms included head to head collision, hit by elbow to the head and hit by knee to the head. More interesting findings identified the cheerleaders were in a ‘pyramid’ or ‘formation’ preceding the concussion. The conclusions identifies potential prevention strategies to address and reduce concussions among cheerleaders including reducing the height of cheerleading activities, providing protective equipment to the elbows and potential elimination of dangerous routines.
The Medical Research Archives grants authors the right to publish and reproduce the unrevised contribution in whole or in part at any time and in any form for any scholarly non-commercial purpose with the condition that all publications of the contribution include a full citation to the journal as published by the Medical Research Archives.