Physiological Profile Versus Fencing Performance in Elite Indian Male Fencers

Main Article Content

Madhu Bhatt, MB:BS, MD Anup Krishnan, MB;BS, DSM, PhD Vishal Sharma, MB;BS, MD Chandrasekhara Guru, MB:BS, MD Deep Sharma, MB:BS, MD Sunil Jhajharia, MB:BS, MD Krishan Singh, MB:BS, MD

Abstract

Background: Fencing is a combat sport influenced by psychomotor abilities, explosive power and physical endurance. It requires anaerobic performance in bouts and aerobic performance to reach the tournament finals. The study was conducted to analyse the physiological profile of elite Indian male fencers in terms of anthropometry, aerobic fitness, anaerobic fitness and Fencing scores.


Methods: 37 elite male fencers of a Sports institute volunteered to be part of the   study.


Results: Fencing score was significantly positively correlated with sports age (r=0.510, p=0.001) and Standing broad jump (SBJ) (r=0.408, p=0.012). Further, sports age and fencing scores were significantly positively correlated with national medals (r=0.610, p<0.0001), (r=0.659, p<0.0001) and international medals (r=0.532, p=0.001), (r=0.500, p=0.002) respectively. On Multiple Regression analysis, Sports age (β=1.300, 95% CI=0.437, 2.162), VO2max (β=0.753, 95% CI=0.266, 1.240) and fencing score (β=10.488, 95% CI=3.919, 17.058) were significant predictors of national medals. Height (β=0.069, 95% CI=0.025, 0.113), standing broad jump (β= -3.519, 95% CI= -5.731,-1.308), shuttle speed (β= -1.257, 95% CI= -5.731, -1.308) and fencing performance (β=1.235, 95% CI=0.410, 2.060) were significant predictors of international medals.


Conclusion: Sports age and SBJ can predict fencing performance.VO2 max can predict national medals and height was a significant predictor of international medals won.

Article Details

How to Cite
BHATT, Madhu et al. Physiological Profile Versus Fencing Performance in Elite Indian Male Fencers. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 3, mar. 2021. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/2332>. Date accessed: 11 apr. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v9i3.2332.
Section
Research Articles

References

1. Zhang BM, Chu DPK, Hong Y. Biomechanical analysis of the lunge technique in elite female fencers. Abstracts from ISBS symposium XVII. 1999. http://www.education.ed.ac.uk/isbs. arc99/2.html.
2. Fiegel CNG, House PD, Zupan MF.The effect of nonleading foot placement on power and velocity in the fencing lunge. J Strength Cond Res. 2013; 27(1): 57-63.
3. Bottoms L, Greenhalgh A, Sinclair J. Kinematic determinants of weapon velocity during the fencing lunge in experienced epee fencers. Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics. 2013; 15(4): 109-113.
4. Roi G, Bianchedi D. The science of fencing. Implications for performance and injury prevention. Sports Med. 2008; 38: 465 – 481.
5. Stewart KJ, Peredo AR, Williams CM. Physiological and morphological factors associated with successful fencing performance. J Human Ergol. 1977; 6: 53-60.
6. Turner A, Miller S, Stewart P, Cree J, Ingram R, Dimitriou L, Moody J, Kilduff L. Strength and conditioning for fencing. Strength Cond J. 2013; 35(1): 1-9.
7. Obminski Z, Ladyga M, Czapowska JS, Borkowski L. Physiological and biomechanical symptoms of physical adaptation to anaerobic and endurance exercises after 3 month period of increased sport activity in female fencers. Journal of combat sports and martial arts 2011; 1(2):13-18.
8. Inbar O, Bar-Or O, Skinner JS. The Wingate Anaerobic Test. Human Kinetics; 1996.
9. Hubner-Wozniak E, Kosmol A, Błachnio D. Anaerobic capacity of upper and lower limbs muscles in combat sports contestants. J Combat Sport Martial Arts. 2011; 2(2): 91–94.
10. Gierczuk D, Hübner-Wozniak E, Długołêcka B. Influence of training on anaerobic power and capacity of upper and lower limbs in young greco-roman wrestlers. Biol Sport. 2012;29(3):235–239.
11. Inbar O, Bar-Or O. Anaerobic characteristics in male children and adolescents. Med Sci Sports Ex. 1986; 18(3): 264-269.
12. Pinero JC, Ortega FB, ArteroEG, Rejoin MJG, Mora J, Sjostrom M, Rutz JR. Assessing muscular strength in youth: usefulness of standing long jump as ageneral index of muscular fitness. J Strength Cond. Res 2010; 24(7): 1810-1817.
13. Ramsbottom R, Brewer J, Williams C. A progressive shuttle run test to estimate maximal oxygen uptake. Br J Sports Med. 1988; 22(4): 141-144.
14. Leger LA, Lambert J. A maximal multistage 20m shuttle run test to predict VO2max. Euro J Appl Physiol. 1982; 49: 1-5.
15. ASTRAND PO, RYHMING I. A nomogram for calculation of aerobic capacity (physical fitness) from pulse rate during submaximal work. J Appl Physiol. 1954: 7: 218-221.
16. Mackenzie B. (2007) Astrand 6 minute Cycle Test [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/cycle6min.htm accessed 30/5/2017].
17. Tsolakis C, Vagenas. A. Anthropometric, Physiological and Performance Characteristics of Elite and Sub-elite Fencers. Journal of Human Kinetics. 2010; 23: 89-95.
18. Vander LB, Franklin BA, Wrisley D, Scherf J, Kogler AA, Rubenfire M. Physiological Profile of National-Class National Collegiate Athletic Association Fencers. JAMA. 1984;252(4):500-503.
19. Weichenberger M, Liu Y , Steinacker JM. A test for determining endurance capacity in fencers. Int J Sports Med. 2012; 33: 48 – 52.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.