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Cones are primarily involved in photopic vision and light adaptation. Rods are responsible for scotopic vision and dark adaptation. The typical time-courses of light and dark adaptations have been known for century. However, information regarding the minimal adaptation time for electroretinography (ERG) and pupillography would be helpful for practical applications and clinical efficiency. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between adaptation time and the parameters of ERG and pupillography. Forty-six eyes of 23 healthy women (mean age, 21.7 years) were enrolled. ERG and pupillography were tested for right and left eyes, respectively. ERG with a skin electrode was used to determine amplitude (µV) and implicit time (msec) by the records of rod-, flash-, cone-, and flicker-responses with white light (0.01–30 cd·s/m2). Infrared pupillography was used to record the pupillary response to 1-sec stimulation of red light (100 cd/m2). Cone- and flicker- (rod-, flash-, and pupil) responses were recorded after light (dark) adaptation at 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 min. Amplitude was significantly different between 1 min and ≥5 or ≥10 min after adaptation in b-wave of cone- or rod-response, respectively. Implicit time differed significantly between 1 min and ≥5 min after adaptation with b-wave of cone- and rod-response. There were significant differences between 1 min and ≥10 or ≥5 min after dark adaptation in parameter of minimum pupil diameter or constriction rate, respectively. Consequently, light-adapted ERGs can be recorded, even in 5 min of light adaptation time without special light condition, whereas dark-adapted ERGs and pupillary response results can be obtained in 10 min or longer of dark adaptation time in complete darkness.
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