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The advent of novel technologies and surgical techniques has revolutionized urological surgery in recent years. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has become the most widely used surgical approach for radical prostatectomy (RP) in the treatment of localized prostate cancer. However, the current available evidence on the benefit of RARP compared to open radical prostatectomy (ORP) is still under debate. Moreover, recent studies have proposed technical modifications of RARP to improve functional outcomes and postoperative quality of life of prostate cancer patients.
The aim of this review was to summarize the current evidence on oncological, functional and perioperative outcomes of RARP, considering the results of our series of 408 RARP performed between October 2006 and February 2015 at Clínico San Carlos Hospital, and to provide a framework on the latest and most relevant updates on RARP surgical technique modifications.
Keywords Prostate cancer; robot-assisted radical prostatectomy; oncological outcomes; functional outcomes; robotic surgical techniques.
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