Systemic soluble Programmed Death-Ligand 1 levels in sarcoidosis subjects does not vary with disease progression

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Binal Shah-Gandhi Ozioma S. Chioma Kenny A. Abel Erin M. Wilfong Wendi R. Mason Wonder P. Drake

Abstract

Interaction of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) receptor and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) is well studied in the field of fibrotic lung diseases, supporting its use as a biomarker of progression of interstitial lung disease. Anti PD-L1 therapy has shown effectiveness in improvement of many malignancies and murine models of autoimmune fibrotic lung diseases. Higher PD-1 expression on T cells and PD-L1 expression on human lung fibroblasts are known to contribute towards severity in sarcoidosis and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), respectively.  The focus of this investigation was to determine if soluble form of PD-L1 (sPD-L1) serves as predictive biomarker of disease severity in interstitial lung disease (ILD), such as scleroderma, sarcoidosis and IPF.  Comparison of local environments, such as bronchoalveolar lavage, revealed significantly higher sPD-L1 levels compared to systemic environments, such as peripheral blood (p=0.001, paired two-tailed Student’s t test).  Investigation of serum samples of healthy control, IPF, scleroderma and sarcoidosis patients reveal significantly higher levels in sarcoidosis and IPF patients, compared to patients with scleroderma (p=0.001; p=0.02, one-way ANOVA with Tukey’s respectively).   Comparison of serum levels between sarcoidosis patients and healthy controls revealed no significant differences (p=0.09, unpaired two-tailed t test).  In addition, comparison of physiologic parameters, such as percent predicated Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and sPD-L1 levels in sarcoidosis and IPF patients revealed no correlation.   These observations suggest that sPD-L1 will not serve as a biomarker of sarcoidosis disease severity. Additional investigation of sPD-L1 in local environments is warranted.

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How to Cite
SHAH-GANDHI, Binal et al. Systemic soluble Programmed Death-Ligand 1 levels in sarcoidosis subjects does not vary with disease progression. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 9, sep. 2021. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/2525>. Date accessed: 25 oct. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v9i9.2525.
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Research Articles

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