Critical Effects of Social Distancing and Lockdown on Residents of Oyo State During Covid-19 in Nigeria: The Integration of Socio-Economic Life and Physical Planning

Main Article Content

Babatunde Femi Akinyode Morufu Afolabi Asani

Abstract

The advent of Corona Virus in 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the world has become a health threat to government and challenge to the public. This led to the imposition of social distancing and lockdown policy aimed at preventing the spread of this pandemic among the populace. The submission to these policies may have intrinsic implications on the public, regardless of the public health benefits to be derived. This study aims at assessing the critical effects of social distancing and lockdown for COVID-19 on the residents of Oyo state in Nigeria. The designed questionnaire focused on residents’ perception of the COVID-19 and their attitudes towards social distancing and view on lockdown. Questionnaire administration among 1567 participants was through computer based online survey to avoid closed contact and maintain social distancing from the participants. The results submitted that no difference exist (P < 0.05) in terms of effects of social distancing and lockdown based on residents’ socio-economic attributes. The economic life, religious life, business and movement of people as well as the education of the students, relationship among colleagues and planned events are mostly affected by social distancing and lockdown. This will abate residents’ welfare, safety and limiting human right consequently threaten residents’ health and social insecurity as well as urban and regional economic implications. This helps to develop potential thoughtful strategies to alleviate public health catastrophe especially amongst informal settlements’ residents in Oyo state, Nigeria.

Article Details

How to Cite
AKINYODE, Babatunde Femi; ASANI, Morufu Afolabi. Critical Effects of Social Distancing and Lockdown on Residents of Oyo State During Covid-19 in Nigeria: The Integration of Socio-Economic Life and Physical Planning. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 5, june 2022. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/2736>. Date accessed: 30 june 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v10i5.2736.
Section
Research Articles

References

1. Law S, Leung AW, Xu C. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): From causes to preventions in Hong Kong. Int J Infect Dis. May 2020;94:156-163. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.03.059
2. Gupta S, Nguyen TD, Rojas FL, et al. Tracking Public and Private Responses to the Covid-19 Epidemic: Evidence from State and Local Government Actions. 2020;Working Paper 27027:1-77. Located at: NBER Working Paper Series.
3. Brodeur A, Grigoryeva I, Kattan L. Stay-At-Home Orders, Social Distancing and Trust. 2020;IZA DP No. 13234:1-32.
4. Cortegiani A, Ingoglia G, Ippolito M, Giarratano A, Einav S. A systematic review on the efficacy and safety of chloroquine for the treatment of COVID-19. Journal of Critical Care. 2020;In Press:1-5. doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2020.03.005
5. Dryhurst S, Schneider CR, Kerr J, et al. Risk perceptions of COVID-19 around the world. Journal of Risk Research. 2020:1-13. doi:10.1080/13669877.2020.1758193
6. Block P, Hoffman M, Raabe IJ, et al. Social network-based distancing strategies to flatten the COVID-19 curve in a post-lockdown world. Nature Human Behaviour. Jun 2020;4(6):588-596. doi:10.1038/s41562-020-0898-6
7. Jhinghan ML. The Economics of Development and Planning. 40th ed. Vrinda Publications Ltd; 2013.
8. Singh L, Singh NS, Maldonado BN, Tweed S, Blanchet K, Graham WJ. What does ‘leave no one behind’ mean for humanitarian crises-affected populations in the COVID-19 pandemic? BMJ Global Health. 2020:1-3. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2020-002540
9. Musinguzi G, Asamoah BO. The Science of Social Distancing and Total Lock Down: Does it Work? Whom does it Benefit? J Gen Med. 2020;17(6:em230):1-3. doi:10.29333/ejgm/7895
10. Temsah MH, Al-Sohime F, Alamro N, et al. The psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on health care workers in a MERS-CoV endemic country. J Infect Public Health. Jun 2020;13(6):877-882. doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2020.05.021
11. Franch-Pardo I, Napoletano BM, Rosete-Verges F, Billa L. Spatial analysis and GIS in the study of COVID-19. A review. The Science of the total environment. Jun 8 2020;739:140033. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140033
12. Xie W, Campbell S, Zhang W. Working Memory Capacity Predicts Individual Differences in Social Distancing Compliance during the COVID-19 Pandemic in the U.S. 2020
13. Why inequality could spread COVID-19. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30085-2
14. Crawley E, Loades M, Feder G, Logan S, Redwood S, Macleod J. Wider collateral damage to children in the UK because of the social distancing measures designed to reduce the impact of COVID-19 in adults. BMJ Paediatr Open. 2020;4(1):e000701. doi:10.1136/bmjpo-2020-000701
15. Basilaia G, Kvavadze D. Transition to Online Education in Schools during a SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in Georgia. Pedagogical Research. 2020;5(4):1-9. doi:10.29333/pr/7937
16. Cheng KK, Lam TH, Leung CC. Wearing face masks in the community during the COVID-19 pandemic: altruism and solidarity. The Lancet. 2020;doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(20)30918-1
17. Knox P, Pinch S. Urban social geography: an introduction. Routledge; 2014.
18. Matthews LM, Sarstedt M, Hair JF, Ringle CM. Identifying and treating unobserved heterogeneity with FIMIX-PLS. European Business Review. 2016;28(2):208-224. doi:10.1108/ebr-09-2015-0095
19. Kashef M. Architects and planners approaches to urban form and design in the Toronto region: A comparative analysis. Geoforum. 2008;39(1):414-437.
20. Porter D, Phillips P, Lassar T. Flexible Zoning: How it works. Urban Land Institute, Washington, D.C.; 1988.
21. Bell PA, Fisher JD, Baum A, Greene TC. Environmental Psychology. 3rd ed. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., London; 1990.
22. Booth BE, Martin K, Lankester T. Urban Health and Development: A Practical Manual for use in Developing Countries. Macmillan Education (Global); 2012.
23. Toyin Sawyerr P, Yusof NA. Student satisfaction with hostel facilities in Nigerian polytechnics. Journal of Facilities Management. 2013;11(4):306-322. doi:10.1108/jfm-08-2012-0041
24. Hair JF, Black WC, Babin BJ, Anderson RE. Multivariate Data Analysis: Overview of Multivariate Methods. Seventh Edition ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education International; 2010.
25. Khozaei F, Ayub N, Hassan AS, Khozaei Z. The Factors Predicting Students’ Satisfaction with University Hostels, Case Study, Universiti Sains Malaysia. Asian Culture and History. 2010;2(2):148-158.
26. Newton P, Meyer D. The Determinants of Urban Resource Consumption. Environment and Behavior. 2010;44(1):107-135. doi:10.1177/0013916510390494
27. Field A. Discovering Statistics Using SPSS. Third ed. SAGE Publications Ltd; 2009.
28. Pallant J. SPSS Survival Manual-A Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis Using SPSS for Windows. 3rd Edition ed. Open University Press; 2007.
29. Foubert JD, Tepper R, Morrison D. Predictors of student satisfaction in university residence halls. The Journal of College and University Student Housing. 1998;27(1):41-46.