Understanding Variation in Adoption of Video Telehealth and Implications for Health Care Systems

Main Article Content

Megan E Gately, PhD, OTD, OTR/L Emma D. Quach, PhD Steven D. Shirk, PhD Scott A. Trudeau, PhD, OTR/L

Abstract

Background


Telehealth has rapidly expanded since COVID-19. Veterans Health Administration (VHA), the largest integrated health care system in the United States, was well-positioned to incorporate telehealth across specialties due to existing policies and infrastructure.


Objectives


The objective of this study is to investigate predictors of occupational therapy (OT) practitioners’ adoption of video telehealth.


Methods


This study presents data from a convenience sample of VHA occupational therapy (OT) practitioners administered pre-pandemic, in fall 2019. Survey development was guided by the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework, and gathered clinician attitudes, experiences, and perspectives about video telehealth to deliver OT services. Items included telehealth usage, perceived effectiveness of specific OT interventions, and perceptions about evidence. Our outcome variable denoted practitioners’ level of adoption of video telehealth: telehealth users (adopters), non-users who want to use telehealth (potential adopters and reference group), and non-users who do not want to use telehealth (non-adopters). In multiple multinomial logistic regressions, we tested whether level of adoption was associated with years of VHA work experience and perceived strength of evidence.


Results


Of approximately 1455 eligible practitioners, 305 VHA occupational therapy practitioners participated in the survey (21% response rate). One hundred and twenty-five (41%) reported using video telehealth, whereas 180 (59%) reported not using video telehealth. Among non-users, 107 (59%) indicated willingness to adopt telehealth whereas 73 (41%) were not willing. More VHA work experience predicted higher odds of being an adopter than a potential adopter; perceptions of stronger evidence regarding video telehealth predicted higher odds of being a potential adopter than a non-adopter.


Conclusion


Clinician beliefs and years of experience exerted an influence on clinicians’ use or willingness to use video telehealth. Efforts to enhance adoption of video telehealth should address clinicians’ beliefs regarding the innovative nature of and organizational resources necessary to foster utilization.

Article Details

How to Cite
GATELY, Megan E et al. Understanding Variation in Adoption of Video Telehealth and Implications for Health Care Systems. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 5, june 2022. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/2751>. Date accessed: 30 june 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v10i5.2751.
Section
Research Articles

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