Ovarian Teratomas: A Spectrum of Disease. An approximation for radiologists in training

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Pamela Causa Andrieu Maria Jose Gutierrez Vallecillo Maria Eugenia Urga Hyesung Kim Maria Noelia Napoli Alejandra Wernicke Carolina Rosa Beatriz Chacon Refky Nicola

Abstract

Ovarian teratomas are the ovary's most frequent germ cell tumors and can be either mature or immature. Ovarian teratomas can also have a monodermal form; struma ovarii is the most common type and are usually multilocular cystic lesions with variable locules. Another less common types of monodermal lesion are ovarian carcinoids. Mature cystic teratomas are composed of predominantly fat, while immature teratomas have a larger solid component with only small foci of fat. This review article discusses the various types of ovarian teratomas with their respective imaging findings, gross pathological, histopathological, complications, and clinical management.

Keywords: germ cell tumor, ovarian teratoma, dermoid cyst, teratoma, immature, struma ovarii, carcinoma

Article Details

How to Cite
CAUSA ANDRIEU, Pamela et al. Ovarian Teratomas: A Spectrum of Disease. An approximation for radiologists in training. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 6, june 2022. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/2800>. Date accessed: 17 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v10i6.2800.
Section
Review Articles

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