Student as a Clinical Teacher: Evaluation of Peer Teaching Experience in Clinical Education

Main Article Content

Khalid A. Bin Abdulrahman Mohammed Abdulrahman Alfadhel Khalid Ebrahim Alswayed Naif Abdulmoghni Al-Thakfan


Background: peer teaching is considered one of the best methods of active learning strategies. The study aims to evaluate the perception of their peer-teaching experience, assessing their satisfaction with the quality and efficacy of the process. 

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed using anonymous self-administered online questionnaires. The study aimed at medical students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, who have been enrolled in the peer teaching process at least once

Results: of the 188 medical students who completed the study questionnaire, 77.1% were male. About half of them (48%) reported participating in at least one or more peer teaching sessions discussing medical contexts. More than half (55.3%) had indicated that they preferred a peer student to learn from an informal educational session. About two-thirds (75%) of the students thought they would possibly conduct future peer-assisted clinical teaching sessions if needed. The top three benefits of peer teaching from the student's point of view were; 1. peer-assisted clinical education enhances clinical skills and knowledge retention, 2. Has a positive impact on the performance of clinical exams; 3. helped to apply clinical skills during regular curricular clinical courses.

Conclusions: the study confirmed that peer education is an effective learning method in the clinical phase. Medical colleges should provide the appropriate environment that encourages senior students to teach their peers. Junior students and students of one batch should teach each other and try to be active teachers and learners alike.


Keywords: Peer Teaching, Peer Tutoring, Student as a Teacher, Teaching strategies, Saudi Arabia

Article Details

How to Cite
BIN ABDULRAHMAN, Khalid A. et al. Student as a Clinical Teacher: Evaluation of Peer Teaching Experience in Clinical Education. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 10, oct. 2022. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 22 july 2024. doi:
Research Articles


1. Topping, KJ. The effectiveness of peer tutoring in higher education: A typology and review of the literature, higher education. SpringerLink. Accessed August 19, 2022.
2. Dandavino M, Snell L, Wiseman J. Why medical students should learn to teach. Medical teacher. 2007;29(6):558-565. doi:10.1080/01421590701477449
3. Erlich, D.R., Shaughnessy, A.F. Student-teacher education program (STEP) by step: transforming medical students into competent, confident teachers. Med Teach. 2014;36(4):322-332. doi:10.3109/0142159X.2014.887835
4. Lockspeiser, T.M., O’Sullivan, P., Teherani, A., Muller, J. Understanding the experience of being taught by peers: the value of social and cognitive congruence. Adv Health Science Educ. Theory Pract. 2008;13(3):361-372. doi:10.1007/s10459-006-9049-8
5. Haist SA, Wilson JF, Brigham NL, Fosson SE, Blue AV. Comparing fourth-year medical students with faculty teaching physical examination skills to first-year students. Acad Med. 1998;73(2):198-200. doi:10.1097/00001888-199802000-00020
6. A student-led course in clinical reasoning in the core curriculum.
Accessed August 19, 2022.
7. Nelson AJ, Nelson SV, Linn AM, Raw LE, Kildea HB, Tonkin AL. Tomorrow's educators … today? Implementing Near-Peer Teaching for medical students. Med Teach. 2013;35(2):156-159. doi:10.3109/0142159X.2012.737961
8. Rashid MS, Sobowale O, Gore D. A near-peer teaching program designed, developed, and delivered exclusively by recent medical graduates for final-year medical students sitting the final objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). BMC Med Educ. 2011;11:11. Published on 17 Mar 2011 doi:10.1186/1472-6920-11-11
9. Fischer MA, Kennedy KM, Durning S, et al. Situational awareness within objective structured clinical examination stations in undergraduate medical training - a literature search. BMC Med Educ. 2017;17(1):262. Published on 21 Dec 21. doi:10.1186/s12909-017-1105-y
10. Brazeau, C., Boyd, L., Crosson, J. Changing an existing OSCE to a teaching tool: the making of a teaching OSCE. Acad Med. 2002;77(9):932. doi:10.1097/00001888-200209000-00036
11. Fulford, L., Gunn, V., Davies, G., Evans, C., Raza, T., Vassallo, M. Near-peer integrated teaching for medical students in the final year. Perspect Med Educ. 2016;5(2):129-132. doi:10.1007/s40037-016-0255-7
12. Blank, WA, Blankenfeld, H, Vogelmann, R, Linde, K, Schneider, A. Can near-peer medical students effectively teach a new curriculum on physical examination? BMC Med Educ. 2013;13:165. Published on Dec 11, 2013 doi:10.1186/1472-6920-13-165
13. Schwill S, Fahrbach-Veeser J, Moeltner A, et al. Peers as OSCE assessors for junior medical students: a review of routine use: a mixed methods study. BMC Med Educ. 2020;20(1):17. Published on Jan. 16. doi:10.1186/s12909-019-1898-y
14. Cole JD, Ruble MJ, Donnelly J, Groves B. Peer-assisted learning: Clinical Skills Training for Pharmacy Students. Am J Pharm Educ. 2018;82(6):6511. doi:10.5688/ajpe6511
15. Young, I., Montgomery, K., Kearns, P., Hayward, S., Mellanby, E. The benefits of a peer-assisted mock OSCE. Clin Teach. 2014;11(3):214-218. doi:10.1111/tct.12112
16. Basehore PM, Pomerantz SC, Gentile M. Reliability and benefits of medical student peers in rating complex clinical skills. Med Teach. 2014;36(5):409-414. doi:10.3109/0142159X.2014.889287
17. Taylor D, Quick S. Students' perceptions of a near-peer Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in medical imaging. Radiography (Lond). 2020;26(1):42-48. doi:10.1016/j.radi.2019.06.009
18. Tolsgaard MG, Gustafsson A, Rasmussen MB, Høiby P, Müller CG, Ringsted C. Student teachers can be as good as associate professors in teaching clinical skills. Med Teach. 2007;29(6):553-557. doi:10.1080/01421590701682550
19. Liew SC, Sow CF, Sidhu J, Nadarajah VD. The near-peer tutoring programme: embracing the 'doctors-to-teach' philosophy--a comparison of the effects of participation between the senior and junior near-peer tutors. Med Educ Online. 2015;20:27959. Published 2015 Sep 8. doi:10.3402/meo.v20.27959
20. Weyrich P, Schrauth M, Kraus B, et al. Undergraduate technical skills training guided by student tutors--analysis of tutors' attitudes, tutees' acceptance and learning progress in an innovative teaching model. BMC Med Educ. 2008;8:18. Published 2008 Apr 9. doi:10.1186/1472-6920-8-18
21. Avonts M, Michels NR, Bombeke K, et al. Does peer teaching improve academic results and competencies during medical school? A mixed methods study. BMC Med Educ. 2022;22(1):431. Published 2022 Jun 4. doi:10.1186/s12909-022-03507-3
22. Dadafarin S, Petersen KH. Randomized Trial of a Year-Long USMLE Step 1 Preparation Near-Peer Teaching Program. Med Sci Educ. 2021;31(3):1065-1071. Published on 2021 March 24, 2019. doi:10.1007/s40670-021-01275-1