Main Article Content
Frequency therapy, in the form of pulsed electromagnetic fields, is becoming increasingly popular within the scientific/medical community as is heart rate variability for assessing wellness. These two techniques were combined to determine if a particular pulsed electromagnetic field treatment (Seqex, Theta) had any beneficial effects (based on Brain Tap HRV) on 20 volunteers ranging in age from 21-81. Treatment consisted of a 36-minute exposure to 4–8 Hz with a magnetic flux density between 12 to 68 mG and several proprietary waveforms. Treatment was conducted at a wellness clinic that had low levels of electromagnetic fields/radiation and heart rate variability was tested immediately before and immediately following treatment. Significant benefits were documented for 72% of the participants and these were associated with reduced stress and a lower biological age (vs. chronological age) as indicators on Brain Tap HRV. Indices for cardiovascular health; LF/HF balance, neurohormonal regulation and psychoemotional state all improved overall as did energy resources and energy balance (catabolic vs. anabolic). Individuals who believed they were sensitive to electromagnetic fields (i.e. had electrohypersensitivity) also improved. Some of the beneficial results persisted over a 24-hour period. Despite this positive outcome, 28% of the participants either showed no objective change or were worse (based on heart rate variability) immediately following treatment. We conclude that pulsed electromagnetic field treatments may be highly beneficial even among those who have electrohypersensitivity resulting in reduced stress and improved homeostasis. However, treatments should be provided in an electromagnetic clean environment for optimal results and objective testing with heart rate variability, or some other assessment tool, should be used to ensure that the patient is receiving a treatment that is beneficial.
The Medical Research Archives grants authors the right to publish and reproduce the unrevised contribution in whole or in part at any time and in any form for any scholarly non-commercial purpose with the condition that all publications of the contribution include a full citation to the journal as published by the Medical Research Archives.
2. Stocchero M, L Gobbato L, de Biagi M, Bressan E, Sivolella S. Pulsed electromagnetic fields for postoperative pain: a randomized controlled clinical trial in patients undergoing mandibular third molar extraction. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2015;119(3):293–300. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25660828/
3. Havas M. Case Study: Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) Therapy Relieves Pleural Effusion Following Open Heart Surgery. J Compl Med 2017;2(3): 3 pp. https://www.remingtonmedical.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Havas-article-Pleural-Effusion.pdf
4. Mancuso M, Ghezzi V, Di Fede G. Utilization of extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields in chronic disease; five years experience: three case reports. Electromagn Biol Med 2007;26(4):311–313. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18097819/
5. Shaw K, Symington S, Havas M. Pilot Study: Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (PEMFT) Alleviates Symptoms of Osteoarthritis. Nov Tech Arthritis Bone Res 2017;1(5): 8 pp. https://juniperpublishers.com/ntab/pdf/NTAB.MS.ID.555571.pdf
6. Mert T, Gisi G, Celik A, Baran F, Uremis MM, Gunay I. Frequency-dependent effects of sequenced pulsed magnetic field on experimental diabetic neuropathy. Int J Radiat Biol 2015;91(10): 833–842. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26136088/
7. Gaynor JS, Hagberg S, Gurfein BT. Veterinary applications of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy. Res. Vet. Sci 2018;119:1-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29775839/
8. Neki NS, Singh RB, Rastogi SS. How brain influences neuro-cardiovascular dysfunction, J. Assoc Physicians India 2004;52:223–230. PMID: 15636314
9. Thayer JF, Lane RD. Claude Bernard and the heart-brain connection: further elaboration of a model of neurovisceral integration. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2009; 33(2):81–88. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18771686/ https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15636314/
10. Nicolini P, Ciulla MM, De Asmundis C, Magrini F, Brugada P. The prognostic value of heart rate variability in the elderly, changing the perspective: from sympathovagal balance to chaos theory. Pacing Clin Electophysiol. 2012;35(5):622–638. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22352300/
11. Royal Commission, 1907. A dispute respecting hours of employment between The Bell Telephone Company of Canada, Ltd. and Operators at Toronto, Ont., Issued by the Department of Labour, Canada, Ottawa, Government Printing Bureau. 102 pp. https://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/472922/publication.html
12. Carpenter DO. The microwave syndrome or electrohypersensitivity: historical background. Rev Environ Health 2015;30(4):217–222. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26556835/
13 World Health Organization 2005. Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity, Backgrounder. https://www.who.int/teams/environment-climate-change-and-health/radiation-and-health/non-ionizing/electromagnetic-hypersensitivity/
14. Longhurst JC. 2010. Defining Meridians: A Modern Basis of Understanding, J Acup Mer Studies, 2010;3(2):67-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2005-2901(10)60014-3
15. Zhang W-B, Wang G-J, Fuxe K. Classic and Modern Meridian Studies: A Review of Low Hydraulic Resistance Channels along Meridians and Their Relevance for Therapeutic Effects in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015; 2015: 410979; doi: 10.1155/2015/410979
16. Liboff AR. Ion Cyclotron Resonance interactions in living systems. Societa Italiana Biofisica Eletrodinamica. 2013; https://seqex.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/525_Liboff_ICR_interactions_in_living.pdf
17. Perna G, Riva A, Defillo A, Sangiorgio E, Nobile M, Caldirola D. 2020. Heart rate variability: Can it serve as a marker of mental health resilience?: Special Section on "Translational and Neuroscience Studies in Affective Disorders" Section Editor, Maria Nobile MD, PhD, Affect Disord 2020;263:754–761, PMID: 31630828, DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2019.10.017
18. Havas M, Marrongelle J, Pollner B, et al. Provocation study using heart rate variability shows microwave radiation from 2.4 GHz cordless phone affects autonomic nervous system. Eur J Oncol 2010;5: 273–300. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Provocation-study-using-heart-rate-variability-from-Havas-Marrongelle/50d23e4e1050bf6a0bd0bbc20926ae5a3f160345
19. Havas M. Radiation from wireless technology affects the blood, the heart, and the autonomic nervous system. Rev Environ Health 2013;28(3):75–84. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/reveh-2013-0004/html
20. Selye H. 1976. Stress in Health and Disease. Butterworths, Boston. 1256 pp.
21. Schneiderman N, Ironson G, Siegel SD. Stress and Health: Psychological, behavioural, and Biological Determinants. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2005;1: 607–628. PMID: 17716101, PMCID: PMC2568977, DOI: 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.1.102803.144141
22. Clements-Cortes A, Ahonen H, Evans M et al. Short-Term Effects of Rhythmic Sensory Stimulation in Alzheimer's disease: An Exploratory Pilot Study, J Alzheimers Dis 2016;52(2):651–660. doi: 10.3233/JAD-160081.
23. Dungel P, Hartinger J, Chaudary S et al. Low level light therapy by LED of different wavelength induces angiogenesis and improves ischemic wound healing. Lasers Surg Med 46(10): 2014;73–780. doi: 10.1002/lsm.22299
24. Glass GE. Photobiomodulation: The clinical applications of low-level light therapy. Aestet Surg. J. 2021;41(6): 723–738. doi: 10.1093/asj/sjab025.
25. Sharma H. Meditation: Process and Effects. Ayu 2015;36(3):233-237. Doi: https://doi.org/10.4103%2F0974-8520.182756 PMCID: PMC4895748 PMID: 27313408
26. Bevington M.. The Prevalence of People with Restricted Access to Work in Manmade Electromagnetic Environments. (2019) J Environ Health Sci 2019;5(1): 01- 12. DOI: 10.15436/2378-6841.19.2402
27. Havas M. Electrohypersensitivity (EHS) is an environmentally-induced disability that requires immediate attention. J Sci Discov 2019;3(1):jsd18020; DOI:10.24262/jsd.3.1.18020.
28. Havas M. Comment on: Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy in the Treatment of Pain and Other Symptoms in Fibromyalgia: A Randomized Controlled Study, Bioelectromagnetics 2019;40(8):611, doi: 10.1002/bem.22224