A Review of the Digestive, Respiratory and Nocioceptive Benefits, Associated Performance Outcomes and Clinical Considerations following Mint and Menthol application

Main Article Content

Russ Best

Abstract

Mint and to a lesser extent menthol have been used since antiquity for medicinal purposes. Key components of mint and menthol use such as composition and intake, safety and traditional uses are discussed prior to a review of clinical and human performance outcomes in the areas of digestive and respiratory health; antibacterial and anti-fungal properties, nocioception, migraine and headache and emerging evidence regarding COVID 19. Evidence suggests benefit for patients with irritable bowel syndrome and related digestive issues, with analgesic and respiratory effects also noted. Perceptual characteristics relating to thermal comfort and sensation, taste sensitivity and alertness are also considered; these effects are predominantly driven by stimulation of transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) activity resulting in sensations of cooling and freshness, with lesser influence on thirst. Finally, sport performance is considered as a domain that may further elucidate some of the aforementioned underpinning outcomes due to its systemic and dynamic nature, especially when performed in hot environmental conditions.

Keywords: Mint, Menthol, Digestion, Respiration, COVID-19, Sport, pain

Article Details

How to Cite
BEST, Russ. A Review of the Digestive, Respiratory and Nocioceptive Benefits, Associated Performance Outcomes and Clinical Considerations following Mint and Menthol application. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, jan. 2023. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/3321>. Date accessed: 23 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v11i1.3321.
Section
Review Articles

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