Following the Evolution of Homo Sapiens across Africa using a Uniparental Genetic Guide

Main Article Content

Vicente Martinez Cabrera

Abstract

The origin and evolution of modern humans in Africa has reached a multidisciplinary consensus but the age and regions where it originated and evolved are current topics of discussion. In this study I put forward an integrative model guided by the phylogeny and phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome haplogroups. I propose an early origin of modern humans in northwest Africa in a temporal window of 257-345 thousand years ago. A first population split in central Africa around 175-288 thousand years ago. A subsequent northward spread with additional population subdivisions during a long statistical interval that culminated in a first successful out of Africa migration around 130 thousand years ago. A population constriction in southwest Asia motivated an early return to Africa between 70 and 100 thousand years ago. This ample Eurasian-ebb to Africa, detected by mitochondrial haplogroup L3 and Y-chromosome haplogroup E preceded other later and geographically more limited Eurasian backflows. The archaeological and fossil finds that could be coetaneous to this molecular journey have been integrated into this interdisciplinary model.

Article Details

How to Cite
CABRERA, Vicente Martinez. Following the Evolution of Homo Sapiens across Africa using a Uniparental Genetic Guide. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, jan. 2023. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/3460>. Date accessed: 20 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v11i1.3460.
Section
Research Articles

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