The Age of Immune-therapy in Multiple Myeloma with a Collective Goal for a Cure

Main Article Content

José M. Larios Howard Terebelo

Abstract

Since the year 2000, we have seen unprecedented improvement in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in terms of progression-free survival and a doubling of overall survival in 2009 from 2.5 years to 5 years. Patients treated now expect a median survival of 7.5 years, while those receiving quadruplet therapy, stem cell transplant, and consolidation and maintenance therapy have an expected survival up to 11 years.


Factors contributing to these improved outcomes include novel agents, antibodies, B-cell Maturation Agent-directed therapy, chimeric antigen receptor T-cells, bispecific antibodies, selective use of stem cell transplant, and supportive care measures such as bisphosphonates, prophylactic antimicrobials, cytokines, and intravenous immunoglobulins. Incorporation of these novel therapies in conjunction with increasing understanding of the genomic landscape of multiple myeloma and the evolving use of minimal residual disease negativity should persuade the oncology community to treat patients with high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma and guide treatment of early relapse in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Here, we review early interventions within the context of genomic changes, minimal residual disease status, and strategies for treating high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma and standard and high-risk newly diagnosed multiple myeloma to improve progression-free survival, overall survival, and provide context for which patients may be considered cured.

Article Details

How to Cite
LARIOS, José M.; TEREBELO, Howard. The Age of Immune-therapy in Multiple Myeloma with a Collective Goal for a Cure. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 10, oct. 2023. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/4607>. Date accessed: 19 july 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v11i10.4607.
Section
Research Articles

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