Mental Resilience and the Meaning of Life in students at the University of Patras after the end of the restrictive measures of Covid-19

Main Article Content

Georgia Konstantopoulou Styliani Renieri Anthi Adamopoulou Eleni Mavroeidi Manolis Nikolaos Mentis

Abstract

The Covid-19 pandemic, which shocked the entire planet, brought many changes and difficulties to the lives of students. More specifically, the lives of students in Greece were also affected by the adoption of restrictive measures and the suspension of the functioning of educational structures. Individuals try to cope and recover after periods characterized by increased risk, stress, and difficulties by showing adaptability4,8. Mental resilience, i.e. the ability of the individual to recover despite difficulties, seems especially important after the lifting of the restrictive measures for the students who are called to adapt to the new conditions and find or revise the meaning and purpose in their life 9,10. These two concepts are studied in this paper and more specifically in the research in which 141 students of the University of Patras participated. A key research result is the fact that people who stated that they faced a mental health problem showed higher levels of mental resilience than those who stated that they did not. Students over the age of 27 also showed high levels of resilience, while it appeared that gender and whether they had Covid-19 had no effect on the levels of mental resilience either. In conclusion, the levels of mental resilience in the sample were found to be moderate to high as did the levels of meaning in life.

Keywords: Mental resilience, meaning in life, university students, CD-RISK-25), MLQ-10

Article Details

How to Cite
KONSTANTOPOULOU, Georgia et al. Mental Resilience and the Meaning of Life in students at the University of Patras after the end of the restrictive measures of Covid-19. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, jan. 2024. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/4958>. Date accessed: 03 mar. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v12i1.4958.
Section
Research Articles

References

1. Arslan, G., & Yıldırım, M. A longitudinal examination of the association between meaning in life, resilience, and mental well-being in times of coronavirus pandemic. Frontiers in psychology, (202112, 645597.
2. Baumeister, R. F.). Meanings of life. Guilford press. (1991
3. Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R.. Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson resilience scale (CD‐RISC). Depression and anxiety, (2003)18(2), 76-82.
4. Eroglu, A., Suzan, O. K., Hur, G., & Cinar, N.. The relationship between fear of COVID-19 and psychological resilience according to personality traits of university students: A PATH analysis. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, (2023)42, 1-8.
5. Farran, C. J., Miller, B. H., Kaufman, J. E., Donner, E., & Fogg, L. . Finding meaning through caregiving: Development of an instrument for family caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease. Journal of clinical psychology, 1999, 55(9), 1107-1125.
6. Hartmann, S., Backmann, J., Newman, A., Brykman, K. M., & Pidduck, R. J. Psychological resilience of entrepreneurs: A review and agenda for future research. Journal of small business management, (2022) 60(5), 1041-1079.
7. Heintzelman, S. J., Mohideen, F., Oishi, S., & King, L. A. Lay beliefs about meaning in life: Examinations across targets, time, and countries. Journal of Research in Personality, (2020), 88, 104003.
8. Kaplan, H. B. Toward an understanding of resilience: A critical review of definitions and models. In M. Glantz & J. Johnson (Eds.), Resilience and development: Positive life adaptations (pp. 17– 83). 1999, NY: Plenum Press.
9. Kobasa, S. C. Stressful life events, personality, and health: an inquiry into hardiness. Journal of personality and social psychology, (1979)., 37(1), 1.
10. Kocatürk, M., & Çiçek, İ. Relationship between positive childhood experiences and psychological resilience in university students: The mediating role of self-esteem. Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools, (2023).,33(1), 78-89.
11. Konstantopoulou G, Giannakopoulou O, Karamesinis P, Mavroeidi E, Mentis M. Mental resilience and meaning of life in students during the first covid-19 lockdown. International Journal of Science Academic Research. (2022)., Vol. 03, Issue 09, pp.4397-4401.
12. Luthar, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B.. The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child development, (2000), 71(3), 543-562.
13. Martela, F., & Steger, M. F. The three meanings of meaning in life: Distinguishing coherence, purpose, and significance. The Journal of Positive Psychology, (2016), 11(5), 531-545.
14. Masten, A. S.). Resilience in children threatened by extreme adversity: Frameworks for research, practice, and translational synergy. Development and psychopathology, (2011), 23(2), 493-506.
15. Rutter, M.. Implications of resilience concepts for scientific understanding. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, (2006), 1094(1), 1-12.
16. Sapienza, J. K., & Masten, A. S.. Understanding and promoting resilience in children and youth. Current opinion in Psychiatry, (2011), 24(4), 267-273.
17. Steger, M. F., Oishi, S., & Kashdan, T. B. Meaning in life across the life span: Levels and correlates of meaning in life from emerging adulthood to older adulthood. The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, (2009). 4(1), 43-52. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760802303127
18. Tugade, M. M., & Frederickson, B. L.. Resilient individuals use positive emotions to bounce back from negative emotional experiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, (2004), 86, 320 –333. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.86.2.320
19. Tusaie, K. & Dyer, J.. Resilience: a historical review of the construct. Holistic Nursing Practice, 2004,18 (1), 3–10.
20. Windle, G. What is resilience? A review and concept analysis. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 2011, 21(02), 152-169.
21. Yıldırım, M., Arslan, G., & Wong, P. T. Meaningful living, resilience, affective balance, and psychological health problems among Turkish young adults during coronavirus pandemic. Current Psychology, .2021, 1-12.