Efficacy and Safety of Extended Antithrombotic Therapy in Stable Coronary Artery Disease: Systematic Review of the Literature

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Gustavo Alexis Lemus-Barrios Jesus Beltrán España Luisa Fernanda Rincón Benavides Edward Andrés Cáceres Méndez Angel Alberto García Peña

Abstract

Extended dual antithrombotic therapy, which entails the concurrent administration of acetylsalicylic acid and a P2Y12 inhibitor or anticoagulant beyond the initial 12 months of presenting with acute coronary syndrome, has been the subject of considerable research in recent years. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of dual antithrombotic therapy in stable coronary artery disease. We conducted a registered (PROSPERO CRD42023394771) assessing the safety and efficacy of antithrombotic therapy published over the past 20 years up to May 2021 in four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, BVSalud /LILACS, Cochrane Reviews). Using the RoB2 tool, we evaluated the risk of bias. We performed a literature search using keywords and identified 95 eligible articles, of which 23 were excluded as duplicates. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, we found 29 articles for a detailed review and assessment of bias by applying the ROB2 toll, and we found that five articles had a low risk of bias. Our analysis found that extended dual antithrombotic therapy reduces ischemic cardiovascular outcomes, but it comes at the cost of an increased risk of bleeding when compared with acetylsalicylic acid monotherapy.

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How to Cite
LEMUS-BARRIOS, Gustavo Alexis et al. Efficacy and Safety of Extended Antithrombotic Therapy in Stable Coronary Artery Disease: Systematic Review of the Literature. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 3, mar. 2024. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/5107>. Date accessed: 13 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v12i3.5107.
Section
Review Articles

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