A Proposal of Utilizing Six Types of Involvement Model to Guide Kindergarten to 12th Grade School Parental Communication and Support During a Pandemic

Main Article Content

Dan Li http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6658-502X Yueqi Li http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7133-9349 Ziyi Zheng http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3838-3591 Xin Zhou Danielle Castro http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6895-8800 Sten H. Vermund http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7289-8698 Marie A. Brault http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7152-785X


Background: Effective communication between schools and parents is crucial for fostering understanding, trust, and collaboration to enhance educational outcomes and student well-being, especially during crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, the current level of communication between schools and families is frequently insufficient, exacerbating the difficulties in parental engagement, comprehension, and certain policy implementation. This deficiency becomes even more pronounced during crises due to the added stressors. This study aims to highlight the challenges of parental engagement and communication during the pandemic and propose a viable solution for school districts and schools to enhance trust, understanding, and collaboration in schools to prepare for future crises.

Method: The study employs a mixed-methods approach, including a scoping review of literature and policies on school communication during the pandemic, a survey study conducted among the Connecticut Independent Schools, and the integration of results from both sources. The scoping review provides key themes and frameworks, while the survey collects quantitative and qualitative data to identify challenges and concerns. The proposed solution utilizes Epstein's Six Types of Involvement Framework for school districts and schools to guide effective communication and collaboration between schools and parents.

Results: The scoping review and survey findings reveal several key issues, including hesitant parental perception of disease control strategies, the burden on parents in supporting online learning, the lack of resources and guidance for online learning, and the absence of central communication guidelines. The proposed solution, Epstein's Six Types of Involvement Framework, addresses these challenges by emphasizing parenting, communication, volunteering, learning at home, decision-making, and community collaboration.

Conclusion: The study highlights the importance of effective communication between schools and parents during crises and proposes Epstein's Six Types of Involvement Framework as a comprehensive solution. By implementing this framework, schools can foster understanding, trust, and collaboration, leading to better educational outcomes for students. The findings have implications for school administrators, policymakers, and educators seeking to improve communication during crises and can facilitate more effective communication and parental engagement beyond health crises. Further research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of implementing the framework in real-world crises. Moreover, healthcare professionals like pediatricians, psychologists, and school nurses are crucial in disease control in schools. The study proposes using Epstein’s framework to involve them directly, enhancing collaboration and trust, and empowering them to lead efforts in safeguarding students and staff health.

Keywords: Six Types of Involvement Model to Guide Kindergarten to 12th Grade School Parental Communication and Support During a Pandemic, Six Types of Involvement, Support During a Pandemic, Covid19

Article Details

How to Cite
LI, Dan et al. A Proposal of Utilizing Six Types of Involvement Model to Guide Kindergarten to 12th Grade School Parental Communication and Support During a Pandemic. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 4, apr. 2024. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/5178>. Date accessed: 27 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v12i4.5178.
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