Non-Contrast CT in Place of MRI Mismatch in the Imaging Triage of Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients

Main Article Content

Emmad Qazi http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0222-3884 Fahad S Al-Ajlan Akash Mahajan Sung Il Sohn Sachin Mishra Hyuk Won Chang Mohamed Najm Christopher d’Esterre Andrew M Demchuk Mayank Goyal Ting Yim Lee Michael D Hill Bijoy K Menon http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3466-496X

Abstract

Purpose: We test if assessment of attenuation on NCCT identifies similar patients with acute ischemic stroke as the MRI DWI-FLAIR mismatch paradigm.

Methods: Data are from the Keimyung Stroke Registry. Patients with anterior circulation occlusion on baseline CT-angiography, known symptom onset time and MRI within 60 minutes of baseline CT were included. All patients received revascularization therapy. Baseline MRI DWI-FLAIR mismatch, hypoattenuation on baseline NCCT and parenchymal hemorrhage (PH) on follow-up imaging were assessed by consensus. Ratio of ipsilateral/contralateral NCCT Hounsfield Unit (HU) (rCT) within baseline DWI lesion was calculated. Statistical methods were used to assess if CT hypoattenuation was a reliable biomarker of time from stroke symptom onset and if it compared well with DWI-FLAIR mismatch in  predicting PH at 24 hours.

Results: Of 127 patients included [median age 68 (IQR-15), 53.5% male, median onset to MR time 158 (94) minutes], DWI-FLAIR mismatch was seen in 85/127 (67%). NCCT hypo-attenuation was seen in 111/127 (87%). A statistically significant negative correlation was noted between rCT and stroke symptom onset to MRI time (Spearman’s r = -0.33, p<0.001). A rCT > 0.87 best predicted the presence of DWI-FLAIR mismatch [c statistic = 0.84 (95% CI 0.77-0.91), sensitivity 73.75% (95%CI 62.71%-82.95%); specificity 76.92% (95%CI 60.67-88.87%)]. Models with CT hypoattenuation were similar to a model with DWI-FLAIR mismatch in ability to discriminate PH (p>0.5).

Conclusion: Degree of hypoattenuation on NCCT can be used in place of DWI-FLAIR mismatch to identify patients with wake up strokes or unknown time of onset.

Article Details

How to Cite
QAZI, Emmad et al. Non-Contrast CT in Place of MRI Mismatch in the Imaging Triage of Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 6, oct. 2016. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/608>. Date accessed: 25 june 2024.
Keywords
Non contrast CT hypoattenuation, MRI DWI-FLAIR mismatch, acute ischemic stroke
Section
Research Articles

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