An Overview of Footwear and Orthotics

Main Article Content

Nicholas Scott Richardson Jesse Forbes Doty

Abstract

Foot and ankle pathology is commonly encountered by healthcare professionals.  A basic understanding of footwear and orthotics proves helpful in the overall treatment of these patients.  The following is an overview of footwear and orthosis basics for aimed toward medical professionals.

Article Details

How to Cite
RICHARDSON, Nicholas Scott; DOTY, Jesse Forbes. An Overview of Footwear and Orthotics. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 8, dec. 2016. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://esmed.org/MRA/mra/article/view/869>. Date accessed: 30 jan. 2023.
Section
Review Articles

References

1. Anderson J, Stanek J. Effect of Foot Orthoses as Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis or Heel Pain. J Sport Rehabil 2012;22(2)130-136.

2. Arazpour M et al. Effects of the heel-to-toe rocker sole on walking in able-bodied persons. Prosthet Orthot Int 2013;37(6):429-435.

3. Attard J, Singh D. A comparison of two night ankle-foot orthoses used in the treatment of inferior heel pain: a preliminary investigation. Foot Ankle Surg 2012;18:108-110.

4. Baldassin V, Gomes CR, Beraldo PS. Effectiveness of prefabricated and customized foot orthoses made from low-cost foam for noncomplicated plantar fasciitis: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009;90:701-706.

5. Bonacci J, Saunders PU, Hicks A, Rantalainen T, Vicenzino BG, Spratford W: Running in a minimalist and lightweight shoe is not the same as running barefoot: A biomechanical study. Br J Sports Med 2013;47(6):387–392.

6. Doty J et al. Biomechanical evaluation of custom foot orthoses for hallux valgus deformity. J Foot and Ankle Surg 2015;54(5):852-855.

7. Enke RC, Laskowski ER, Thomsen KM. Running shoe selection criteria among adolescent cross-country runners. PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation 2009;1:816-819.

8. Epperly T, Fields KB. Running epidemiology. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2014

9. Ferreira LA et al. Effect of ankle-foot orthosis on gait velocity and cadence of stroke patients: a systematic review. J Phys Ther Sci 2013;25(11):1503-1508.

10. Fong DT et al. Evaluation of combined prescription of rocker sole shoes and custom-made foot orthoses for the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Clin Biomech 2012;27:1072-1077.

11. Hawke F et al. Custom-made foot orthoses for the treatment of foot pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008:CD006801.

12. Hennig EM. The influence of soccer shoe design on player performance and injuries. Res Sports Med 2011;19:186-201.

13. Hong WH et al. Effect of shoe heel height and total-contact insert on muscle loading and foot stability while walking. Foot Ankle Int 2013;34:273-281.

14. Jain et al. Frequency and trends in foot and ankle injuries within an English Premier League Football Club using a new impact factor of injury to identify a focus for injury prevention. Foot and Ankle Surgery 2014:20:237-240.

15. Kim Y, Lim JM, Yoon B: Changes in ankle range of motion and muscle strength in habitual wearers of high-heeled shoes. Foot Ankle Int 2013;34:414-419.

16. Kulig K et al.: Nonsurgical management of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction with orthoses and resistive exercise: a randomized controlled trial. Phys Ther 2009;89:26-37.

17. Lin SC et al. Changes in windlass effect in response to different shoe and insole designs during walking. Gait & posture 2013;37:235-241.

18. Lopes AD et al. What are the main running- related musculoskeletal injuries? A systematic review. Sports Med 2012;42(10): 
891–905.

19. LoPiccolo M et al. Effectiveness of the cavus foot orthosis. J Surg Orthop Adv 2010;19:166-169.

20. Mullen S, Toby EB: Adolescent runners: The effect of training shoes on running kinematics. J Pediatr Orthop 2013;33(4):453–457.

21. Powers CM et al. The influence of heel height on frontal plane ankle biomechanics: implications for lateral ankle sprains. Foot and Ankle International 2012;33(1):64-69.

22. Ramanathan AK, Parish EJ, Arnold GP, Drew TS, Wang W, Abboud RJ: The influence of shoe sole's varying thickness on lower limb muscle activity. Foot Ankle Surg 2011;17:218-223.

23. Reina M, Lafuente G, Munuera PV: Effect of custom-made foot orthoses in female hallux valgus after one-year follow up. Prosthet Orthot Int 2012;37(2)113-119.

24. Richie DH, Jr.: Effects of foot orthoses on patients with chronic ankle instability. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2007;97:19-30.

25. Roth J, Neumann J, and Tao M. Orthopaedic Perspective on Barefoot and Minimalist Running. JAAOS 2016; 24(3):180-187.

26. Salzler et al. Injuries Observed in Minimalist Runners. Foot and Ankle International 2012;34(4):262-266.

27. Shih YF et al. Application of wedged foot orthosis effectively reduces pain in runners with pronated foot: a randomized clinical study. Clin Rehabil 2011;25:913-923.

28. Smeets K et al. Torsional injuries of the lower limb: an analysis of the frictional torque between different types of football turf and the shoe outsole. British journal of sports medicine 2012;46:1078-1083.

29. Squadrone R, Gallozzi C: Effect of a five-toed minimal protection shoe on static and dynamic ankle position sense. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness 2011;51:401-408.

30. Tyson SF, Sadeghi-Demneh E, Nester CJ. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of an ankle-foot orthosis on gait biomechanics after stroke. Clinical Reabilitation 2013;27(10):879-891.

31. Zissimopoulos A, Fatone S, Gard S. The effect of ankle-foot orthoses on self-reported balance confidence in persons with chronic poststroke hemiplegia. Prosthet Orthot Int 2014;36(2):148-154