Artemia spp. Model - A Well-Established Method for Rapidly Assessing the Toxicity on an Environmental Perspective

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Jie Yu Yin Lu


The toxicity testing bioassay using Artemia spp. as a biological model is used widely due to its advantages of rapid hatching and easy accessibility of nauplii hatched from durable cysts in a cost-efficient way, and high adaptabilities to harsh conditions thus ensuring easy handling under laboratory conditions. Rapidly assessing the toxicity of environmental contaminants which is of high significance will be further applied in the future, and three sensitive endpoints commonly used in this regard are acute mortality, acute cyst hatchability as well as behavioral response (swimming speed). The establishment of an international standard using Artemia spp. is necessary and that requires joint efforts of various stakeholders. Besides toxicity testing itself, Artemia spp. can be investigated to offer some of the valuable insights on a biological perspective and for bio-conservative purposes.

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YU, Jie; LU, Yin. Artemia spp. Model - A Well-Established Method for Rapidly Assessing the Toxicity on an Environmental Perspective. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, feb. 2018. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 28 nov. 2021. doi:
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