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Neurological manifestations of scrub typhus, a re-emerging infectious disease of tropic/subtropics caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi infection, have been ever-evolving. Several central nervous system infections have been acknowledged for the development of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVT). Nevertheless, CVT has been a rarely described addendum to the ever-evolving “neuro-scrub” spectrum. Proposed pathogenesis for the development of CVT is disseminated endotheliitis resulting in the triad of venous stasis (due to raised intracranial pressure), cerebral vasculopathy (endothelial damage), and capillary perivasculitis (endothelial damage and resultant hypercoagulable state generated by inflammatory mediators). We herein report a case of a previously healthy young female from the Indian subcontinent who was diagnosed with CVT, following scrub typhus. She responded well to conventional therapy with antibiotics and anticoagulants. CVT is amid the few completely reversible neurological catastrophes if diagnosed and treated early. Again, scrub typhus infection is treated with commonly available and extremely "affordable" antibiotics therapy. Hence, the authors propose that all cases of acute febrile illness with neurological manifestations from scrub-typhus endemic zones (like several parts of India) should be tested for the presence of Orientia tsutsugamushi infection and treated accordingly.
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